Tag Archives: God

The State’s Duty to God (Part 2A): Upholding Justice

This is Part 2A of a (rather irregular) series on what the state is obligated to do under God’s authority.

[I base the following on exhaustive searches in the Bible (ESV) of “govern”, “rule (v.)” and “ruler”.]

Being Just in Ruling and Judging

Encoding and executing justice while shunning injustice is the first function of the state, its duty before God.

Wisdom: Discernment Between Good and Evil

Wisdom, the thing to which which we ought to attach the most value in a ruler, is employed in service of its purpose. For the state, or rather for its leaders, the purpose of wisdom is to be able to judge between good and evil for the sake of, in the words of the U.S. Constitution, “establish[ing] justice”.

When the Lord appeared to the great king Solomon in a dream at the beginning of his reign, saying, “Ask what I shall give you,” the king asked thus: Continue reading

Theodicy: God’s Divine Providence, and Two Trees

Previously I talked about God, humans, angelic beings and beasts, and the light they might shed on evil. Today I shall steal a glance at a certain set of trees. But first back to the problem itself.

One possibility from Wikipedia regarding evil:

[…] that no theodicy is needed or even appropriate. God, if he exists, is so far superior to man, that he cannot be judged by man. Man’s assumption that he can tell God what a benevolent and all-powerful god can or cannot do, is mere arrogance.

Sorry, Kant, but this alone is not satisfying. Yes, His ways are higher than our ways and His thoughts than our thoughts, but how are we to know and follow the benevolent God if He is like that? The Incarnation and the self-revelation of God that it entailed with the Word having become flesh would hold little meaning if we could just stop at that. But God says in John 1.18 that He has made Himself known (cf. Is. 40.5)!

Al-Mumit (المميت)
The Bringer of Death, The Destroyer

Qur’anic Islam does not have to deal with this problem, since both good and evil are from Allah according to its teaching. Well, that’s consistent and honest. Doesn’t beat around the bush about its world view. So the teaching of the Qur’an does not imply a theodicy, it seems. But the words of the Tawrat, the Zabur and the Injeel, which is the Scriptures of Christ and His disciples, do not cast things so simply. It is difficult.

Shall we continue looking, then, for a more satisfactory answer? Continue reading